Both the centres have best of Dexa machines- Hologic Explorer model at new railway road. It has fan beam to do complete whole body exam in just few minutes. DPX ANTI PRO from GE is installed at sector 44 centre. There are other methods for assesment of BMD but DEXA is the Gold standard for assessment of Bone Mineral Density.
This system detects osteopenia and osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that is prevalent in our country. The bones become weak and hence fracture quite easily. This causes great morbidity and resulting disability take a heavy toll financially and mentally by reducing the quality of life. Osteoporosis can be prevented if adequate measures are taken early in life. Bone that has been lost can not be recovered, however, further bone loss can be prevented or considerably slowed. Women are five times more prone to osteoporosis compared to men. Maximum bone loss occurs in the first few years around menopause.
Why Bone Densitometry?
- Early detection of osteoporosis which is common in females after menopause. But one
third of men are also affected.
- It detects the cause of agonising pain due to fractures and other bone related problems.
- Also essential for individuals with Thyroid, Malabsorption Syndrome, Steroid Therapy such as for Asthma to assess the loss of bone density.
Some Facts About Osteoporosis
1. It is inevitable consequences of ageing that affect both men & women.But women are affected 3 times more then men. Most rapid bone loss occurs around menopause.
2.It is not women's disease only, 1/3rd men are also affected.
3. Osteoporosis is responsible for 15 lac fractures annually, out of which 3lac are hip fractures
4. Men are victim of about 1/3rd hip fractures. 1/3rs of them do not survive even one year
5. Approximately 37,000 people die every year due to complications related to fracture due to osteoporosis in later life.
6. It is very common in our country. WHO studies place India at a higher incidence zone. Osteoporosis and osteopenia occur 10-20 years earlier in our country then in other country.
7. Build up of Bone mass in younger age prevents osteoporosis in later life.
8. Short stature, family history, smoking, alcohol, consumption malnutrition, eating disorders, steroid therapy etc. are contributing factors to osteoporosis
Bone density testing is strongly recommended if you:
1. Are a post-menopausal woman and not taking estrogen.
2. Have a personal or maternal history of hip fracture or smoking.
3. Are a post-menopausal woman who is tall (over 5 feet 7 inches) or thin (less then 125 pounds)
4. Are a man with clinical conditions associated with bone loss
5. use medications that are known to cause bone loss, including corticosteroids such as Prednisone, various anti-seizure medications such as Dilantin and certain barbiturates, or high-dose thyroid replacement drugs.
6. Have a thyroid condition, such as hyperthyroidism.
7. Have a parathyroid condition, such as Hyperthyroidism.
8. Have experienced a fracture after only mild trauma.
9. Have had X-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis.
10. Prolonged Immobilization
11. Malabsorption syndrome
12. Weight loss